Why Programmers Choose Complex Over Simple Code

In the age of software development, there exists a fascinating phenomenon where many individuals seem to have a penchant for complexity rather than embracing simplicity. This preference for convoluted logic and intricate architectures has become increasingly apparent during opinionated code reviews. Surprisingly, this tendency transcends teams and organizations, leaving one to wonder whether it is a rookie mistake or a more widespread issue.

In this blog post, we jump into the intricacies of this complex conundrum and shed light on the underlying motivations behind it.

The Urge to Showcase Expertise

One prevalent observation is that some developers are driven by the desire to display their knowledge and proficiency. By incorporating obscure tricks or niche libraries into their code, they aim to demonstrate their expertise. However, this inclination often comes at the cost of genuine code improvement. Rather than focusing on enhancing the quality of the codebase, these individuals prioritize showcasing their skills, which can be frustrating for those seeking simplicity.

The Influence of Perception

Another factor contributing to the complexity conundrum is the perception of value. In the engineering domain, there can be a tendency to undervalue simplicity and its impact on code maintainability and overall quality. The short-sightedness regarding the value of simplicity can hinder the success of a product or organization. Studies have shown a direct correlation between the ability to ship high-quality, user-friendly products and the understanding of simplicity's importance. This understanding separates highly productive teams and developers from those who struggle with various aspects of software development.

Journey Towards Maturity

Interestingly, the preference for complexity can be viewed as a growth path toward job maturity. Developers often go through different phases in their careers. Initially, they embrace simplicity, focusing on procedures, basic functionality, and tests. As they progress, they become more intrigued by architectural patterns, coding standards, and design complexities. However, with experience, they eventually circle back to simplicity, integrating the lessons learned from both phases. This integration results in apparent simplicity that can be understood and maintained by junior and mid-level developers.

The Pitfalls of Unnecessary Complexity

While complexity may sometimes be necessary for software applications, it should be encapsulated and justified. Poor software design, the lack of mentorship, and time constraints can contribute to unnecessary complexity. In some cases, complexity arises from inexperience or the inability to handle intricate systems, even when properly organized and documented. The modern approach of treating programmers as technicians supervised by project managers can also lead to detrimental complexity and diminished software quality.

Balancing Simplicity and Complexity

Achieving the right balance between simplicity and complexity is crucial. While simplicity promotes readability, understandability, and maintainability, it should not be pursued blindly at the expense of necessary complexities. It is essential to identify the core problem and design the solution accordingly, avoiding over-engineering or unnecessary abstractions. The principle of "Keeping It Simple, Stupid" (KISS) reminds developers to prioritize simplicity without neglecting the complexities that genuinely enhance the software.

In the dynamic world of software development, the allure of complexity often poses a challenge to the simplicity that can lead to robust and maintainable code. The desire to showcase expertise, the undervaluation of simplicity, and the journey of developers toward maturity all contribute to the complexity conundrum.

However, by recognizing the pitfalls of unnecessary complexity and embracing the principles of simplicity, developers can strike a balance that ensures code quality, productivity, and user satisfaction. Ultimately, the path to success lies in the thoughtful and intentional application of simplicity and complexity in software development endeavors.